Pain Rating Scale (Wong Baker And Numeric), Download Pdf

Assessment of pain scale is an action taken to determine the level of pain / pain that is being suffered by someone which results can help us to distinguish the severity of a disease so that it can help establish an accurate diagnosis, interpret the appropriate treatment and assess the effectiveness of the therapy that has been given. Pain itself is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience that can range from mild discomfort to suffering. pain may be localized to certain areas, such as injury, or may spread more, as in fibromyalgia disorders. pain is mediated by specific nerve fibers which then carry brain pain impulses where conscious appreciation can be modified by many factors.

in general, pain is divided into two, namely:

  • acute pain, pain that is experienced suddenly and in a short period of time (about 6 months) and will disappear soon
  • chronic pain, this pain arises slowly and lasts a long time (more than 6 months)

and in the medical world pain is divided into several types, namely

  • nociceptive pain , pain that occurs in a short stimulus and this pain does not cause tissue damage and does not require special treatment. example: pain due to needle sticking, or pin.
  • Flamatoric pain, which is pain that occurs in a strong stimulus and a long time and results in tissue damage, this neyri can be acute or chronic, so this Neyri usually requires medical action to overcome it, for example rheumatoid arthritis pain
  • Neuropathic pain, which is pain that occurs due to tissue damage to the peripheral (central) nervous system or the central nervous system (Central). example of pain after suffering a stroke.
  • functional pain, namely neyri which occurs due to abnormal responses of the nervous system, such as hypersensitivity of the sensory apparatus, examples of pain commonly experienced in this case, chest pain and headache.

well after we discussed the meaning and type of pain above, we will continue to the next discussion, namely pain assessment. as a health worker it is important to know how to assess a person's pain scale.  

There are two pain scales commonly used in the world of health, namely the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale and Comparative Pain Scale

Face Scale   (Wong-Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale)

Pain assessment using the Wong-Baker scale is very easy, but it is necessary to pay attention when paying attention to the patient's face sheet because the assessment using this scale is done by only looking at the patient's facial expression when meeting without asking the complaint.

The Wong-Baker scale (based on face experiments) can be seen below:


  • facial expression 1: no pain at all
  • facial expression 2: just a little pain
  • facial expression 3: a little more pain
  • facial expression 4: much more pain
  • facial expression 5: much more pain
  • facial expansion 6: very painful so the patient cries
Download Wong Baker Rating Scale pdf, HERE

Numeric pain Sacle 0-10 (Comparative Pain Scale)  


0: no pain / normal
1: pain is barely felt (very light) like mosquito bites,
2: unpleasant (mild pain) like pinching
3: can be tolerated (pain is felt) as if punched in the face or injected
4: pathetic (strong, deep myeri) like toothache and pain stung by wasps
5: very sad (strong, deep, piercing pain) like sprains, sprains
6: intense (strong, deep, piercing pain that is so strong that it seems to affect one of the five senses) causes unfocused and disrupted communication.
7: very intense (strong, deep, piercing pain so strong) and feel the pain that dominates the senses of the sufferer which causes unable to communicate properly and is unable to carry out his own treatment.
8: really horrible (pain that is so strong) that it causes the sufferer to be unable to think clearly, and often experience severe personality changes if the pain comes and goes on for a long time.
9: unbearable torture (pain that is so strong) so that the sufferer cannot tolerate it and wants to eliminate the pain immediately no matter what the side effects or risks are.
10: unimaginable pain cannot be revealed (pain is so strong unconscious) usually on this scale the sufferer no longer feels pain due to unconsciousness due to extreme pain like in the case of a severe accident, multiple fractures.

of the ten scales above can be grouped into three groups, namely

  • pain scale 1 - 3 (mild pain) pain can still be arrested and does not interfere with the pattern of activity of the sufferer.
  • pain scale 4 - 6 (moderate pain) pain a little strong so that it can interfere with patient activity patterns
  • pain scale 7-10 (severe pain) very strong pain that requires medical therapy and can not do independent activity patterns.
Download Numeric Rating Scale pdf, HERE


while for pain assessment itself can be done using the method P, Q, R, S, T, namely:

  • Provokes / Pilliates: what causes neyri? what makes pain better? what causes worse pain? what is done when pain? and whether the pain can build you when you fall asleep.
  • Quality: can the sufferer describe the pain? Is it sliced, sharp, pressed, punctured, burning, cramping, or squeezed? ( let the sufferer use his own words).
  • Radiates: does the pain spread? where does it spread ?, Is the pain localized in one place or moving?
  • Severity: how severe is the pain? from the 0-10 range using a 0-10 pain scale.
  • Time: when did the pain arise? is it fast or slow? how long is the pain? Is it continuous or lost? Have you ever felt pain before? Is the pain the same as the pain before?

Thank you for reading. so and thank you. hopefully usefull

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